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The Ages of Art. An Artist Timeline.


Ever wondered who came first, Gainsborough or Turner, Van Gogh or Monet? This timeline will give you some idea of arts journey through the ages and the movements it inspired.

Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519)   -
Italian painter, sculptor, architect and musician, as well as a brilliant inventor and scientist.
The Last Supper (c.1498), Mona Lisa (1504).

Raphael (1483-1520)   -
Italian Painter whose tapestries adorned the Sistine Chapel. His work is most noted for its perfect rendering of features, composition and expression.

Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-69)   -
Dutch portrait painter, etcher, draughtsman and perhaps one of greatest artists of all time. His greatest achievements were his portraits, a series of self-portraits, and etchings - mostly of biblical subjects and ink-and-wash drawings.
The Night Watch (1642).

George Stubbs (1724-1806)   -
English painter, the most famous animal painter of his time, specializing in horses.

Francisco Goya (1746-1828)   -
A Spanish court painter with a passion for reality. An influential painter with an unflattering and uncompromising style which, surprisingly, resulted in his enormous reputation and popularity.

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-   Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475-1564)
Italian sculptor, painter, poet and architect. In 1508 he was ordered to decorate with paintings, the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, in the Vatican. Still often referred to as one of mankinds greatest achievements.

-   Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640)
Flemish artist who became court painter in Antwerp after spending eight years in Italy. Celebrated for his vigorous composition and brilliant colouring.
Decent from the Cross (1611-14).

-   Antonio Canaletto (1697-1768)
An Italian painter who worked mostly in Venice and enjoyed extraordinary commercial success with his topographical views, showing a sincere poetic quality, popular with English tourists.

-   Thomas Gainsborough (1727-88)
English landscape and portrait painter, one of the great English masters.
Mr and Mrs Andrews (1748), The Harvest Wagon (c.1767), The Blue Boy (c.1770) & The Watering Place (1777).

Artist Timeline Collection 1.



Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775-1851)   -
Foremost English landscape painter and watercolourist. His huge collection of oil paintings and watercolours was bequeathed to the nation.
The Fighting Temeraire (1838), Rain, Steam and Speed (1844).

Gustave Moreau (1826-98)   -
French painter and teacher, one of the leading Symbolists, noted for his colourful but usually rather sinister scenes from ancient mythology and the Bible.

Edgar Degas (1834-1917)   -
French artist and sculptor of the impressionist period, famous for his pictures of ballet dancers and horses. Latterly, due to failing eyesight, he concentrated on sculpture.

Claude Monet (1840-1926)   -
French Impressionist painter who had a way of seeing the most subtle nuances of colour, atmosphere and light which he used to develop and change the nature of a painting, in particular, landscapes, for which he is most famous.
Haystacks (series 1890-1), Women in the Garden (1867), Waterlilies (series 1899-1926).

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)   -
French post-Impressionist painter, famous for his brightly coloured, mystical paintings of Britany. Later he moved to Tahiti and painted views of the South Seas, here he also excelled in wood carvings of pagan idols.

Henri Toulouse-Lautrec (1864-1901)   -
French painter and lithographer, famous for his Parisian cabaret posters and his pictures of music-hall dancers.
Moulin Rouge (1891), The Bar (1894).
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-   John Constable (1776-1837)
Though regarded as one of the greatest English landscape painters, much of his work remained unsold.
The Haywain (1821), The White Horse (1819), Arundel Mill and Castle (1837), Cornfield (1826).

-   Edouard Manet (1832-83)
French painter, considered the father of modern painting. Though controversial, Manet's technical innovations intrigued other painters and set free the traditional and conservative reigns of academic painting.
Olympia (1864), Dejeuner sur l'herbe (Picnic on the Grass) (1863).

-   Paul Cezanne (1839-1906)
French painter famous for his landscapes and still lifes. Although he exhibited at Impressionist exhibitions he was later regarded as the forerunner of Cubism.

-   Auguste Renoir (1841-1919)
French Impressionist painter, particularly known for his nudes. In later life he returned to a more classical style, using rich hot reds, orange and gold to portray nudes in sunlight.
Bathers (series 1884-7).

-   Vincent Van Gogh (1853-90)
Dutch post-Impressionist painter who had a major influence on 20th Century art. His early pictures were sombre, but new influences in Paris brightened his later work with swirling colours. One of the pioneers of Expressionism, his later paintings reflect his growing insanity.
The Potato Eaters (1885), Sunflowers (1888), The Bridge (1888), The Yellow Chair (1889).

Artist Timeline Collection 2.
Vasily Kandinsky (1866-1944)   -
Russian born painter, a pioneer of Abstract Art and co-founder of the Blaue Reiter (Blue Rider) Group.

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)   -
Spanish painter, sculptor, graphic artist, founder of Cubism (1907) and the most outstanding artist of the 20th Century. Picasso's work went through variously identifiable periods. The blue period (1902-4), the pink period (1904-6) and then a short brown period. Cubism attempts to render a 3-dimensional image on a flat surface, devoid of perspective.
Gypsy Girl on the Beach (1898), Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907) & Guernica (1937).

Jackson Pollock (1912-56)   -
US abstract Expressionist painter, the first notable exponent of (Tachism) Action Painting. His art developed with the first 'drip paintings' in 1947, a technique he continued with increasing violence and on huge canvases.

Andy Warhol (1926-87)   -
American pop artist and graphic designer.

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-   Henri Matisse (1869-1954)
An influencial 20th Century French artist and founder of the Fauvism movement. His most characteristic paintings use high-pitched primary colours and his later work owes a great deal to oriental influences.
Woman with the Hat (1905).

-   Stephen Lowry (1887-1976)
English artist whose pictures of Lancashire industry show people as antlike forms.

-   Salvador Dali (1904-89)
Spanish artist who became one of the principle figures of the Surrealist movement. Famous for his hallucinatory paintings.
The Persistence of Memory (1931).

-   Francis Bacon (1909-92)
Irish artist who worked in England. Noted for his blurred and twisted figures which have a disturbing quality.
Three Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion (1944).


Author: Phil Chave
URL: www.antiquecollector.uk.com        

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